Fakes in the art market

International research workshop

Alma Mater Studiorum – University of Bologna
21 June 2021

with the contribution of
University of Bologna Institute of Advanced Studies (ISA)
Department of Statistical Sciences “Paolo Fortunati”
Department of the Arts

Part of the ISA Topic 2020 – “Il falso”
“Art of fake, fake in art and in the art market”

Fakes and forgeries are items that characterized the art sector since the birth of the art
market. Artwork copies, fakes and forgeries (almost) freely circulate in the art market and
affect the way price is formed, the way the discourse on artists takes place, and the way
art market institutions and agents choose their strategies. This effect consists in an
increase of the uncertainty about the authenticity value of the artworks, a value which is
part of the cultural value, that in turn affects the artworks’ economic value.
This makes the existence of fakes an important issue, which should be analysed with an
interdisciplinary view. Art market scholars, including economists, art historians,
sociologists, management and marketing scholars, historians, among the others, analysed
the influence of fakes in the market under different points of view, but the need to link
together these views in a holistic analysis of the issue of fakes in the art market is now

This workshop wants to be a way to start this process of creation of an interdisciplinary
framework of analysis of the art market fakes, welcoming approaches and arguments of
different academic fields, so as to enucleate the differences and similarities in the
approaches used.

The workshop will consist of the intervention of a series of invited speakers from
international renewed universities, together with 3 sessions for contributed works by
scholars and researchers from national and international research institutions. The
workshop will also host the presentation of the multimedia database on fakes curated by
Professors Donatella Biagi Maino and Giuseppe Maino, that will be followed by a roundtable
moderated by Professor Donatella Biagi Maino where invited experts, practitioners and
scholars will highlight the policies adopted and to be adopted in researching the fakes in
the art market.

Detailed programme

First Session – Art frauds: social sciences and law perspectives (9.15-10:30)

Attribution Stigma and Contagion: How did the art auction market react to Australian ‘Black art scandals’?
Tim R.L. Fry (RMIT), Erica Coslor (University of Melbourne)

From Fortunes to Fakes: Forgeries that Created an Awareness in the Art Market
Saskia Hufnagel (Queen Mary University)

The impact of changes in attribution on returns
Elena Stepanova (Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna)

Fighting fakes and forgeries to protect the legitimate interests, of whom?
Anna Pirri Valentini (LUISS Guido Carli)

Keynote Speaker: Elisabetta Lazzaro (University for the Creative Arts) (10:30 – 11:00)

From analogue to digital art market: Some economic implications of copies and fakes

Second session – Forgery across centuries and arts (11:15 – 13:00)

“The Man in the Gold Helmet”: Bode’s restored “Rembrandt”
Dorothee Wimmer (Technische Universität Berlin)

Fakes in the Art Market: the case of pre-Columbian arts
Ninon Bour (Panthéon-Sorbonne University)

Fake to Boot: Forgeries of Russian Avant-Garde on the Italian Peninsula
Konstantin Akinsha (Russian Avant-Garde Research Project)

Giovanni Bastianini in the Making: an Iconographic Account
Virginia Magnaghi (Scuola Normale Superiore)

Faking copies? Counterfeits and disloyal production of plaster casts in the Atelier de Moulage du Musée du Louvre under the direction of Eugène Arrondelle (1880-1907)
Milena Gallipoli (Universidad Nacional de San Martín)

Detection & Predictability: Fakes & the Florentine Dealer Stefano Bardini
Lynn Catterson (Columbia University)

Keynote Speaker: Anne-Sophie Radermecker (Erasmus University Rotterdam and Université Libre de Bruxelles) (14:00 – 14:30)

Revisiting the Early Modern Economics of “Fakes”: A Historiographical Perspective

Third Session – Detecting forgery: scientific approaches (14:30 – 16:00)

Using science to unmask fake Order of the Cincinnati decoration on Chinese export porcelain
Shirley M. Mueller (Indiana University)

The Forger’s identikit: a multi-technique approach to detect fakes on art market based on Pippo Oriani’s case study
Chiara Manfriani (Università di Firenze), Gilda Guerisoli (Comando CC TPC), Ludovica Ruggiero (Università degli Studi di Roma Tre), Chiara Lucarelli (Università degli Studi di Roma Tre), Luca Tortora (Università degli Studi di Roma Tre), Stefano Ridolfi (Ars Mensurae), Giuliana Calcani (Università degli Studi di Roma Tre), Armida Sodo (Università degli Studi di Roma Tre)

Artistic forgery in Portugal and its relationship with laboratory expertise
Diana de Almeida Ramos (University of Lisbon)

Developing rigorous protocols of authentication: the future of science and AI
Denis Moiseev (Hephaestus Analytical)

Establishing proof of forgery in varying contexts: the challenge of the historian of art technology
Jilleen Nadolny (ArtDiscovery)

Keynote Speaker: Naomi Oosterman (Erasmus University Rotterdam and Centre for Global Heritage and Development) (16:15 – 16:45)

“Deauthenticating” cultural objects: The use of forgeries and replicas for the trafficking of cultural objects

Roundtable – Keeping track of art market fakes: can different sources be integrated? (16:45 – 17:45)

Andrea Bacchi (Fondazione Zeri and Università di Bologna), Francesca Marini (International Studies Institute Florence), Raffaella Morselli (Università di Teramo), Maria Cristina Paoluzzi (Dorotheum Wien/Rome), Carme Ruiz (Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí)

Invited Speakers

Prof. Elisabetta LAZZARO

Full Professor of Creative and Cultural Industries Management at Business School for the Creative Industries, University for the Creative Arts, UK


Permanent lecturer at Department of Arts and Culture Studies – Erasmus University Rotterdam, NL
Affiliated researcher “Heritage under Threat” at the Centre for Global Heritage and Development, NL


Tutor/Lecturer at Erasmus School of History, Culture and Communication – Erasmus University Rotterdam, NL
Research Associate at the Department of History, Arts, and Archaeology of the Université Libre de Bruxelles, BE

Submission and other information

The submission of a (up to) 500-word abstract (.doc or .pdf file) can be made via email at the address francesco [dot] angelini7 [at] unibo [dot] it, with “Art Fakes Workshop” in the object.
The deadline for the submission of the abstract is 31st of March 2021. Results of the selection will be communicated by the end of April.
The workshop will be hosted online, via Zoom. The participation to the workshop is free of charge.
The registration to the workshop can be done at the following link

Important dates

  • 31/03/2021: Abstract submission deadline
  • 30/04/2021: Registration opening
  • 18/06/2021: Registration deadline
  • 21/06/2021: Workshop

Scientific Committee

Prof. Massimiliano Castellani, Department of Statistical Sciences “Paolo Fortunati” – University of Bologna, IT
Prof. Donatella Biagi Maino, Department of Arts – University of Bologna, IT
Prof. Giuseppe Maino, New York Academy of Sciences, USA
Prof. Lorenzo Zirulia, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods – University of Milan, IT
Dr. Francesco Angelini, Department of Statistical Sciences “Paolo Fortunati” – University of Bologna, IT

Create your website with WordPress.com
Get started